To many women, period pains are unavoidable.Â Severe period pain is called dysmenorrhea.The pains can vary from sharp stabs that make you double over to a nagging pain that spreads through your belly and lower back. Some women also experience dizziness, nausea, diarrhea or vomiting.
There are two types of menstrual cramps: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea is more common in young women and often becomes less severe from the mid-20s onward and after giving birth. But before you shake your fists to the air and wonder why hast the Gods forsaken you, let’s take a not-so-painful look to the dreaded anomaly:
Menstrual cramps are thought to be related to prostaglandins â€“ substances that are made by the lining of the uterus â€“ that cause the uterus to contract. At the start of your period, prostaglandin levels are high, and as you start to menstruate, the levels decrease. If you donâ€™t ovulate, it is unlikely that youâ€™ll get cramps during your period. Doctors often prescribe the pill to ease painful periods â€“ but these can cause abnormal bleeding in some women.
Here’s what to do:
Try a combination of these to alleviate the menstrual cramp symptoms:
- Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or aspirin that can make the cramps less severe. If you have bleeding disorders, liver disease, stomach disorders or ulcers, talk to your doctor before taking this type of medicine.
- Regular exercise and stretching are very effective.
- Relax by doing light physical activities.
- Get enough sleep before and during your period to help you cope with any discomfort.
- Vitamin B1 or a magnesium supplement can reduce pain.
- Take a warm bath or apply a heating pad on your lower abdomen or back.
- Hormonal contraception may also reduce menstrual pain. Only take these with your doctorâ€™s approval.MYNEWSHUB