PROLONGED coughing, coughing up blood and chest pain while breathing: these are some of the symptoms of Tuberculosis.
The disease, commonly known as TB– is a contagious disease that attacks the lungs and was once the leading cause of death between 1945 and 1957.
TB is a bacterial infection that is spread through inhaling tiny droplets from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person.
The disease may be transmitted among family members who live under the same roof and are more commonly to affect the poor due to their crowded living areas.
Recently, TB cases have increased significantly because of the mass arrival of foreign migrants and also the rise of HIV infections.
The complications of the disease include lymph node infection, meningitis, lung inflammation and TB bacterial infection of other organs such as the bowel, bones, joints and kidneys.
In 1961 the Malaysian government launched its National TB Control Programme (NTP). Person with TB symptoms was referred to the National TB Centre which is now known as the Institute Of Respiratory Medicine (IPR) for the full course of treatment (minimum for 6 months).
Since then, the Malaysian government’s medical initiatives become stronger and the number of cases steadily plunged. World Health Organization (WHO) had declared Malaysia as the “Moderate TB Incidence”.
Vaccination shots using Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG) given to all newborns to prevent severe TB disease among children.
Every child in the country has the right to obtain full immunization as it is vital for health personnel to equip themselves with the latest knowledge on the development of immunization.
The Malaysian National Immunization Programme (NIP) was introduced in the early 1950s. Our Malaysian NIP was designed based on the World Health Organisation (WHO) Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI).
Although the EPI recommends countries to immunize against 6 childhood diseases, our Malaysian National Immunization Programme (NIP) has expand protection against 12 major childhood diseases and are readily available for free in government health clinics.
Immunization is one of the most effective methods to control the spread of infectious diseases such as diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus or lockjaw, polio, TB, hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella and Haemophilus influenzae type b.
Most of the infectious illnesses doesn’t have any specific treatments and can cause severe complications, permanent disabilities and death.
Immunizations not only protect the vaccines but also prevent the spread of contagious diseases to others.
Prevention is better than cure. Immunization may protect child and the family from suffering.
Thus, love your children and love yourself. #JanganLupaCucuk and #LengkapkanImunisasi so that the whole family can enjoy a healthy and happy life. -MYNEWSHUB