Glasgow, Scotland (CNN) — Scotland will remain part of the United Kingdom — along with England, Wales and Northern Ireland — following a historic referendum vote.
A majority of voters rejected the possibility of Scotland breaking away and becoming an independent nation.
UK Prime Minister David Cameron welcomed Scotland’s decision in a televised statement outside 10 Downing Street, saying it was a clear result.
“Like millions of other people, I am delighted,” he said.
Cameron said he would have been heartbroken to see the United Kingdom broken up — but paid tribute to the efforts of both sides in the campaign.
“We hear you,” he said to those who voted for independence, adding this was an opportunity to change the way people in the United Kingdom are governed, and “change it for the better.”
His government has delivered on devolution in the past and will deliver on it again, Cameron said.
A “new and fair settlement” will be created for Scotland and the other countries of the United Kingdom, he said.
Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond admitted defeat in an earlier televised statement — and urged the rest of Scotland to do the same.
He thanked Scotland “for 1.6 million votes for Scottish independence” and said the turnout — which electoral officials said was 84.6% from an electorate of more than 4.2 million — was one of the highest in the democratic world for any such vote.
The final result in the referendum was 1,617,989 votes in favour of independence from the United Kingdom to 2,001,926 against.
This means the pro-union camp won by a margin of just over 10%, with 55.25% of the vote to 44.65% — a much wider gap than than opinion polls in the final days leading up to the vote had suggested.
The result means the main political parties in Westminster — and many people across the United Kingdom and Scotland — can breathe a collective sigh of relief that the threat of a breakup of a centuries-old union is over. However, many on the “Yes” side will be bitterly disappointed.
Although Scotland has chosen to stick with the union — staving off potential calls for his resignation — Cameron will still face political fallout over the vote.
Critics have accused him of complacency during the long months of campaigning when Salmond’s “Yes Scotland” campaign was laying the groundwork for its late surge. His longtime Labour rival, former Prime Minister Gordon Brown, is credited by many with bringing the vital energy that carried a lackluster “No” campaign to victory.
Critics have also accused Cameron and the other main party leaders of giving away too much in a last-ditch effort to keep Scottish voters on board.
It remains to be seen how the promise to give greater powers also to England, Wales and Northern Ireland will be borne out.
Cameron will also likely face difficult questions over his own leadership in the run-up to a general election due to take place next May.-CNN