STATEMENT BY H.E. AMBASSADOR RAMLAN IBRAHIM, PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF MALAYSIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL OPEN DEBATE: “PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS FACING ASYMMETRICAL THREATS” 7 NOVEMBER 2016, NEW YORK
On behalf of the Malaysian delegation, I join earlier speakers in thanking you
and the Senegalese Presidency for convening this open debate.
I also take this opportunity to acknowledge the commandable role that Senegal
has and continues to play as a major troop- and police-contributing country to
UN peace operations.
I thank also UN Deputy Secretary-General and other briefers for their valuable
contributions and inputs.
Former UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld famously said, I quote: “The UN
wasn’t created to take mankind into paradise, but rather, to save humanity from
Since that time, the concept of UN peacekeeping which he pioneered had evolved
into one of the most important instruments available to the United Nations to
support diplomatic efforts towards maintaining international peace and security.
It is clear that the need for UN peacekeeping remains pressing. In 1990, total
UN peacekeeping deployment stood at roughly 70,000 personnel. Today, that figure
stands at slightly over 116,000 personnel deployed under 16 active missions; 9
of which are in Africa and out of which 5 are in Francophone countries.
A key turning point in the evolution of ‘traditional’ UN peacekeeping mandates
was the inclusion of civilian protection elements as a core mission mandate,
first introduced vide Council resolution 1270 concerning the situation in Sierra
Leone in 1999.
As rightly noted, an increasing number of peacekeeping missions which have POC
[protection of civilians] as a core mission mandate are currently deployed in
complex geopolitical environments including those which pose significant
The recent surge and persistence of asymmetric threats against UN peace keepers
complicates already precarious security situations and threatens to unravel
hard-won gains and progress in restoration of peace and stability in concerned
In the face of increasing asymmetric threats, one approach could be to address
such threats by similarly asymmetrical thinking focusing on key areas namely
networking, methods and ideologies.
Another area of priority should be to ensure that troops on the ground are
afforded the necessary and appropriate equipment and training.
On the one hand, new technologies which could contribute to better intelligence
and situational awareness are critical.
On the other, opportunities for TCCs to partner with relevant donor countries or
institutions to equip troops with new, specialised skills for example to detect
and disarm IEDs are equally urgent.
Malaysia continues to believe that a holistic approach is the best solution in
containing asymmetric threats; to this end we reaffirm support for and
endorsement of the recommendations of the HIPPO panel and the priorities
outlined in the SG’s implementation report.
To further contribute to this debate, Malaysia wishes to make the following
First: The host nation is encouraged to establish a networking mechanism to
allow information-sharing with peacekeepers. This will assist in planning for
the operations as well as identifying possible threats prior to UN peacekeeping
Second: The host nation’s forces should be ready to work hand-in-hand with UN
peacekeeping operations in addressing the threats. The host nation’s force must
be prepared from the beginning of the deployment of peacekeeping operation to
assume full security responsibility for the mission;
Third: War on asymmetric threats will take generations to resolve. Hence, the
host nation should place greater emphasis on human resource development,
particularly focusing on the youth and women. These groups must be given the
opportunity to participate actively in any peace process and peacebuilding
efforts, in order to make the process sustainable; and
Fourth: Peacekeeping mission must be adaptable and responsive to the various
lessons learnt in past experiences in order to continue to improve itself in
responding to new threats, including asymmetric ones.
As a firm believer in multilateral approaches for the maintenance of
international peace and security, Malaysia has been an active contributor to UN
Since 1960 – just 3 years after achieving independence, Malaysia has to date
participated in over 30 peacekeeping operations. In this regard, I wish to
reaffirm Malaysia’s continuing commitment and support.
I wish to conclude by paying tribute and utmost respect to the tireless
dedication and efforts of UN blue helmets serving around the world. We are
deeply honoured by their bravery, selfless service and sarifices.
My delegation aligns itself with the statement to be delivered by Thailand on
behalf of ASEAN member states.
I thank you.
Source : Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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