UNITED NATIONS – Malaysia told the UN Security Council on that it plans to submit a resolution soon that would establish an international tribunal to prosecute those responsible for shooting down a Malaysia Airlines plane (MH17) over Ukraine last year.
Diplomats said Malaysiaâ€™s UN Ambassador Datuk Ramlan Ibrahim informed council members that the resolution is being prepared by the five countries investigating the crash and will be under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, which can be enforced militarily.
New Zealandâ€™s UN Ambassador Gerard van Bohemen, the current council president, told reporters after Malaysiaâ€™s closed-door briefing that the five countries â€” Malaysia, Ukraine, Netherlands, Australia and Belgium â€” are seeking â€œcriminal accountabilityâ€ for the downing of the aircraft.
The flight heading from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur crashed July 17, 2014 over eastern Ukraine, killing all 298 people on board.
Controversy continues over who downed the plane. Ukraine and the West suspect it was destroyed by a Russian surface-to-air missile fired by Russian soldiers or Russia-backed separatist rebels fighting in the area.
Moscow denies that and Russian officials and state media have alleged the plane was shot down by a Ukrainian missile or a warplane. Diplomats said Russia, a veto-wielding member of the Security Council, holds the key to adoption of a resolution.
Malaysian diplomat Johan Ariff Abdul Razak said after Thursdayâ€™s council discussions that â€œour sense was that all council members including Russia were open to further consider the matter.â€
According to diplomats, speaking on condition of anonymity because the consultations were closed, ambassador Ibrahim said that in the coming days he hopes to circulate the proposed text of a resolution with the draft statute to establish the tribunal in an annex.
The ambassador said he would like to see its adoption by the end of July, the diplomats said. – AP